In Vermont, some construction materials and demolition "waste" can be brought to special recycling drop-offs, where they're repurposed or recycled in a variety of ways. This page will direct you to current recycling outlets, regulations, Vermont-based resources, and strategies for resource-conscious development.
Why recycle project components?
With some light planning and diligence, certain Construction and Demolition (C&D) waste materials can be separated from landfill wastes on your project site and then recycled or salvaged into useful products or beautiful new structures. Since Vermont generates over 100,000 tons of C&D waste each year, Vermonters' efforts to recycle or reuse project by-products make a big difference, conserving resources and saving precious space in landfills.
Did you know: Act 250 requires that the applicant submit a Construction Waste Management Plan for projects involving more than 5,000 square feet of construction and/or demolition. Applicants can devise a site-specific plan, or utilize construction specification in lieu of a plan, or may use this plan template.
- Clean Wood Landfill ban effective July 1, 2016
- Asphalt Shingles
- Scrap Metal
- Oriented Strand Board (OSB)
- Granite, slate, and other special fixtures or features may be re-purposed
*Materials listed in bold indicate a subset of construction waste materials deemed architectural waste materials. Under certain conditions, State law requires that projects keep these materials out of the trash and transferred to a recycling facility. Read more below.
Projects Required to Recycle Architectural Materials Under State Law (10 V.S.A. § 6605m.)
Some construction, deconstruction, or demolition projects are required to separate architectural waste materials for the purpose of recycling. A project is subject to the requirement if it meets ALL of the following conditions:
The project produces 40 cubic yards or more of architectural waste. Forty cubic yards is the typical volume of one construction site roll-off dumpster.
The project site is within 20 miles of a solid waste facility that recycles architectural waste.
The construction or demolition project is for a commercial building or a residential building with 2 or more units.
Facilities Accepting Architectural Waste Materials for Recycling
Further information about architectural waste management can be found in four Agency publications: Architectural Waste - Summary and FAQs , Architectural Waste in Vermont - A Primer, and Policies on Architectural Waste Recycling.
There are currently two facilities in Vermont that accept loads of architectural waste, in addition to other materials. Check with each facility for details.
All Cycle Transfer Station
220 Avenue B, Williston, VT 05495
Accepts loads from small projects (e.g. household cleanout) must contain a minimum 60% C&D.
(802) 651-5412 | https://www.casella.com/locations/williston-vt-transfer
There are many other facilities around the state that will accept single materials, such as concrete, brick, asphalt, or a combination of several types. To locate a certified solid waste facility, visit the Materials Management Map.
Other Businesses and Organizations Accepting Used Material
Beyond solid waste facilities certified by the Agency of Natural Resources, there is a wide array of building salvage, reuse, and antique stores that look for quality used building materials, fixtures, and appliances.
Deconstruction is another strategy to reduce demolition waste since it makes it possible to reuse and recycle more materials. You can learn more about deconstruction from EPA or check out this Vermont case study, "Approaches to Mobile Home Deconstruction."
Asbestos, including asbestos shingles, should be handled carefully and disposed of properly. In certain situations, wetted and double-bagged non-friable asbestos-containing materials in amounts less than 10 cubic yards may be accepted for landfill disposal (call first to confirm with the landfill), or an asbestos contractor can help with disposal. Learn more from the Vermont Department of Health and the ANR Policy on the Management of Asbestos-Containing Waste and Vermiculite Insulation in Vermont. If you have questions, please call 802-828-1138.