Residuals Management & Emerging Contaminants Program

equipment piling up residual matter

This program oversees the management of residual materials, industrial and municipal wastes with the potential for beneficial reuse. Examples of residual materials include wastewater treatment sludges, septage, short paper fiber, wood ashes and water treatment residuals. The primary options for final management of residual materials in Vermont include:

land application - wastewater sludge that meets State of Vermont pollutant limits and is treated to US EPA biosolids standards for pathogen and vector reduction requirements may be land applied to certified agricultural fields for agronomic value or, after treatment in a process to further reduce pathogens, be distributed to the public 

landfill disposal - dewatered sludge is often used for landfill 'top cover'

For a broad overview of biosoilds and septage management in Vermont, and associated research, please see the Program's working, draft whitepaper: "Wastewater Treatment Sludge and Septage Management in Vermont".

Septage Haulers operating in Vermont (pumping and/or disposing) must pay a fee of $10.00 per 1,000 gallons pumped, rounded to the nearest 1,000 gallon.  Fees are due quarterly, and submitted via a new electronic reporting system (ANR Online) that will soon be available for useFor haulers without access to a computer or internet service, a waiver from electronic reporting may be obtained.  Please contact the Residuals Program for more information on waivers.  

All residuals management activities must be authorized via solid waste certifications, sludge managment plans, or certificates of approval.  Residual material managers, including transporters, must report activities quarterly via the NEW electronic reporting system (ANR Online) that will soon be available.  

For questions and/or assistance, please contact or

WMD - Wastewater Residuals Management Permitting and Reporting

WMD - Wastewater Residuals Management Educational Resources

WMD - Wastewater Residuals Management Guidance

Agency of Natural Resources
Department of Environmental Conservation
Waste Management and Prevention Division

Davis Building - 1st Floor
One National Life Drive
Montpelier, VT 05620-3704