Residuals Management & Emerging Contaminants Program

equipment piling up residual matter

This program oversees the management of residual materials, industrial and municipal wastes with the potential for beneficial reuse. Examples of residual materials include wastewater treatment sludges and biosolids, septage, short paper fiber, wood ashes and water treatment residuals. In Vermont, residuals management activities must be authorized via solid waste certifications (biosolids), sludge management plans, or certitifcates of approval (short paper fiber, wood ash).

Beneficial Reuse - residual materials that meet specific criteria established in the Vermont Solid Waste Rules may be land applied for agronomic value. Sludges and setpage that meet specific pollutant limits and that are treated to US EPA biosolids standards for pathogen and vector attraction reduction, may be applied to the land under a site-specific permit or, after addition pathogen greatment, distributed to the public.

For a broad overview of biosoilds and septage management in Vermont, and associated research, please see the Program's working, draft whitepaper: "Wastewater Treatment Sludge and Septage Management in Vermont".

Septage Haulers operating in Vermont (pumping and/or disposing) must pay a fee of $10.00 per 1,000 gallons pumped, rounded to the nearest 1,000 gallon.  Fees are due quarterly, and submitted via a new electronic reporting system, available as of 11/16/2020For haulers without access to a computer or internet service, a waiver from electronic reporting may be obtained.  Please contact the Residuals Program for more information on waivers.    

** NEW ** Residual material managers, including transporters, must report activities quarterly via the NEW electronic reporting system, available as of 11/16/2020.   


WMD - Wastewater Residuals Management Permitting and Reporting

WMD - Wastewater Residuals Management Educational Resources

WMD - Wastewater Residuals Management Guidance

Agency of Natural Resources
Department of Environmental Conservation
Waste Management and Prevention Division

Davis Building - 1st Floor
One National Life Drive
Montpelier, VT 05620-3704