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PFAS in Surface Waters

A view of the Mad River

Surface Water and Fish Tissue Monitoring

Vermont DEC’s Watershed Management Division, in cooperation with Vermont Fish & Wildlife, samples water and fish in lakes and rivers around the State for per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances, or PFAS. The goal of this work is to evaluate the scope of PFAS impacts on surface waters and the risks they may pose to human health and aquatic life. Monitoring efforts are primarily focused near likely sources of PFAS, such as industrial facilities, municipal wastewater discharges, and areas with significant urban runoff.

Reports summarizing the 2021 and 2022 monitoring efforts are available below.

Act 21 of 2019

Governor Scott signed Act 21 (Senate Bill 49), on May 16, 2019, containing, among other tasks, requirements to establish new water quality standards for PFAS chemicals.