VW Environmental Mitigation Funds

Consumer Protection Settlement and Restitution for VW Owners

For information related to the recent consumer protection settlement between VW and Vermont that includes additional restitution for owners of affected VW vehicles, please visit http://ago.vermont.gov/volkswagen-emissions-violations/.

Vermont's Volkswagen Mitigation Trust Funds

Welcome to Vermont's VW Mitigation Trust page. This page provides basic information about the VW Mitigation Trust and how Vermont can use its Trust allocation once it's available. We have provided our Beneficiary Mitigation Plan (BMP), which includes project priorities and can be found below. 

NEW!  Now launching Vermont's Electric School & Transit Bus Pilot Program. See details under Funding Opportunities, below.

Please check this page often for updates on the status of the Mitigation Trust, additional information, and specific areas where Vermont is seeking input. Use the email contact, anr.decvwmitigation@vermont.gov, to submit your contact information so that we can add your name to a distribution list for updates and information. Thank you for your interest and participation.

  Beneficiary Mitigation Plan        Funding Opportunities        More Info        


On June 28, 2016, the U.S. Department of Justice filed with the U.S. District Court, Northern District of California, a settlement that partially resolves claims that Volkswagen (VW) violated the Clean Air Act by the sale of approximately 500,000 vehicles containing 2.0 liter diesel engines equipped with devices designed to defeat emission controls. On October 25, 2016, the Court approved the partial settlement and entered a partial Consent Decree requiring VW to:

  1. buy back or modify emission controls on at least 85 percent of the subject vehicles,
  2. invest $2 billion to promote the use of zero emission vehicles and infrastructure, and
  3. establish and fund a $2.7 billion environmental mitigation trust (EMT).

In late December of 2016, a settlement involving similar claims for 83,000 3.0 liter diesel engines equipped with defeat devices was reached, which includes an additional $225 million towards the environmental mitigation trust. Vermont’s allocation of the Environmental Mitigation Trust is $18.7 million.

On October 2, 2017, the Trust Effective Date for the Environmental Mitigation Trust occurred, triggering the requirement for all beneficiaries of the Environmental Mitigation Trust, including Vermont, to submit a Beneficiary Certification Form. Vermont completed this requirement on November 1, 2017 and the VW Trustee certified Vermont as a Beneficiary on January 31, 2018.

Beneficiary Mitigation Plan

Availability of funds from the Volkswagen Mitigation Trust depends on the requirement that Vermont submit a Beneficiary Mitigation Plan to the Trustee. Per the terms of the Mitigation Trust Agreement, ANR has sought public input on a draft Beneficiary Mitigation Plan that proposes how to best utilize the funds to meet the purpose of the Trust. Vermont's final Beneficiary Mitigation Plan is now available and was submitted to the VW Trustee on May 29, 2018. Note that the BMP is subject to change, as described above, in the event that Vermont’s goals or priorities need to change to adapt to eligible mitigation project interest, funding and feasibility. In the event that any major components of the finalized BMP are amended, those amendments will be submitted to the EMT Trustee and will be made available to the public.

View Vermont's Beneficiary Mitigation Plan

Vermont's overall goals for use of the Environmental Mitigation Trust allocation are as follows:

  1. REDUCE NOx emissions from mobile sources, eligible for replacement or repower, in the most cost-effective way possible;
  2. DEMONSTRATE the feasibility of all-electric or other NOx mitigating alternatively fueled heavy-duty and transit vehicles and begin to catalyze market transformation; and
  3. MAXIMIZE public and private investment in electric vehicle charging infrastructure.
Request for Public Input

The Partial Consent Decree requires that Vermont involve the public in its development of the BMP prior to its submittal to the Trustee. Therefore, Vermont held a public comment period to seek comments related to the required elements of the BMP, including how to utilize Vermont’s funding allocation to meet the purpose of the EMT as stated in Appendix D, which is to be used to fund “environmental mitigation projects that reduce emissions of NOx” where affected VW vehicle were, are, or will be operated. Vermont also sought comments on the Proposed Funding Priorities listed in Section 1 of the proposed BMP, with the intent that these priorities may be used to inform the project prioritization and selection criteria for proposed projects to be funded from Vermont’s allocation of the EMT.

On May 29, 2018 Vermont released a Responsiveness Summary to address public written and verbal comments received during the public comment period. 

Public Informational Meetings

Vermont held a public meeting to provide information on the eligible mitigation projects and the process associated with Vermont’s allocation of the EMT, and to accept public comments on the Proposed BMP. The public meeting was held on December 13, 2017 at 10:30am in the Montpelier Room at the Agency of Natural Resources, Davis Building, 1 National Life Drive, Montpelier, Vermont 05620. For more information, please view the presentation provided during the public meeting and video of the public meeting provided by ORCA Media.

Although the formal public comment period is closed, you can always use the email contact, anr.decvwmitigation@vermont.gov, to submit your contact information so that we can add your name to a distribution list for updates and information.

For information related to the recent consumer protection settlement between VW and Vermont that includes additional restitution for owners of affected VW vehicles, please visit http://ago.vermont.gov/volkswagen-emissions-violations/.

Funding Opportunities

Now that the BMP has been submitted to the Trustee, Vermont will develop project funding opportunities to implement the goals and objectives of the final BMP and the EMT.  

NEW!  Vermont's Electric School & Transit Bus Pilot Program.  VEIC, on behalf of the Vermont Department of Environmental Conservation, sought qualifications from prospective Project Partners for an electric school and transit bus pilot program, funded by the Volkswagen Environmental Mitigation Trust. Project Partners will deploy the electric buses in their regular transportation service and may include supervisory unions, school districts, or transit providers. Project Partners are being selected through a competitive two-step application process. The recent Request for Qualifications (RFQ) was intended to determine basic eligibility and level of commitment. Successful applicants were then invited to respond to the subsequent Request for Proposals (RFP). The deadline for responding to the RFP was October 2, 2019 and selected Project Partners will be announced shortly.

Please see the Frequently Asked Questions document for answers to questions about the pilot program.  

Based in part on input from the public, other state agencies and the legislature, ANR has allocated $2 million from Vermont’s allocation of the EMT to this pilot program for the purpose of evaluating the feasibility and cost-effectiveness of electric school and transit bus operation in Vermont.  The electric bus pilot program as announced in the June 12, 2019 Press Release. As the program details are developed, all updates will be provided here. Please check back often.

For more information, please contact VEIC’s Stephanie Morse at smorse@veic.org.

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment - The Vermont Agency of Commerce and Community Development annouced Vermont's Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment Grant Program.  To support the purchase and installation of Level 2 and DC fast charging stations in Vermont, a total of $400,000 in funding has been awarded in February 2019 in the first grant round and more than $650,000 in funding was awarded in June 2019 in the second grant round.  

The next funding opportunity will focus on expanding Vermont's DC fast charging network.  General information regarding the upcoming funding opportunity for the expansion of Vermont’s DC fast charging network includes:

  • The approximate funding available is $1.9 million with a required 20% match made by applicant.
  • Applicant will be applying for the entire network with a minimum of 11 locations, to be identified within the RFP, which must be included in all proposals. Some are State and municipal park and ride locations.
  • Currently, five Tier 1 locations will require two 150 kW DC fast chargers (dual protocol), while six Tier 2 locations will require two 50 kW DC fast chargers (dual protocol), and all will include a dual port Level 2 charger.  
  • It is anticipated that the request for proposals (RFP) will be release by the end of this calendar year and award to be made in the spring.

Please note that the RFP is still under development and the above details are subject to change.

More Information

What is the purpose of the VW Environmental Mitigation Trust?

What is Vermont doing to prepare for its Mitigation Trust allocation?

What actions are eligible for funding under the environmental mitigation trust?

How will eligible projects be implemented?

What is the timing?