Innovative and Alternative

Wastewater Disposal Innovative/Alternative Systems/Products

Innovative/Alternative (I/A) systems and products may be authorized by the Secretary for General Use (§ 1-1001), Pilot Projects (§ 1-1002) or Experimental Designs (§ 1-1003) under the Wastewater System and Potable Water Supply Rules, effective September 29, 2007 (Rules). The application process for approval of I/A systems and products is described in § 1-1004 of the Rules. Each approval for an I/A system or product will contain conditions under which the system or product may be used. Approvals are for a specific length of time and require renewals at the end of the approval period. Approvals require annual reports from the manufacturer or vendor and may have other conditions which require monitoring and reporting.

Individual site specific Wastewater System and Potable Water Supply permits are not affected by the approval renewal requirements. However, conditions in the site specific permit may contain maintenance and/or monitoring requirements that may be modified, for example, prior to January 1, 2014 I/A permits with annual inspection and maintenance requirements required that a vendor approved licensed designer or professional engineer oversee the inspections and maintenance.  Beginning January 1, 2014 the State of Vermont will allow previously issued permit holders to utilize vendor approved service providers as well as vendor approved licensed designers or professional engineers to oversee the inspections. This simplification should reduce costs to homeowners and simplify the inspection/maintenance compliance process. A link to the List of I/A Service Providers is provided below.

Some I/A systems and products may not fit within the standard methods of testing conducted by certified laboratories and test facilities. In those cases, testing protocols will be developed in cooperation with the testing facilities to allow those systems and products to be evaluated for their suitability for approval for use in Vermont.

Advanced Treatment Systems Approved in the Rules 

  • Intermittent Sand Filter §1-915 (b)
  • Recirculating Sand Filter §1-915(c)

Lists of Approved I/A Systems and Products

List of I/A Distributors and Service Providers

Application Forms
Application forms for approval of innovative and alternative systems and products for General Use, Pilot Projects and Experimental Designs are currently under development. Applications should be accompanied by a cover letter including, at a minimum, all information required in § 1-004(a) through (j) of the Wastewater System and Potable Supply Rules.

Field Inspection Reports
Permit conditions for Innovative Alternative Systems require that owners comply with the reporting and inspection/maintenance requirements outlined in their Permit and I/A Approval. The Reports must be submitted to the appropriate Regional Office. An Innovative/Alternative Maintenance and Inspection Report Coversheet for Field Inspection Reports is submitted with the Field Report to allow for the reporting of important information that may not be included on the service providers field inspection report.

Innovative and Alternative Informational Fact Sheets
Notice to Owners of Innovative and Alternative (I/A) Wastewater Treatment Systems

Rules and Regulations
Rules and regulations related to wastewater and potable water supply systems less than 6500 gallons per day:
Wastewater System and Potable Water Supply Rules - Effective on September 29, 2007 164 pages 1.8 MB

Graham Bradley  622-4129

Resource Links
EPA’s Septic System Information for Homeowners 
NEIWPCC (New England Interstate Water Pollution Control Commission) 
NSF International (formerly National Sanitation Foundation) Product and Service Listing
NESC (National Environmental Services Center) Small Flows Clearinghouse 
Technical Advisory Committee
Regional Offices
US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)