2018 ZEV Credits

Manufacturer Volume Status

The Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Regulation requires large-volume and intermediate-volume manufacturers selling vehicles in Vermont to provide a certain percent of zero emission vehicles (such as battery electric and fuel cell vehicles) and clean plug-in hybrids. The manufacturers listed to the right include 2018 vehicle manufacturers subject to the ZEV requirements.

Beginning with the 2018 Model Year, clean hybrids and clean gasoline vehicles with near-zero tail pipe emissions no longer earn ZEV credits and their prior credits have a discounted value.

Manufacturer ZEV Requirement

A vehicle manufacturer’s ZEV requirement is based on a percentage of its passenger cars and light-duty trucks from 0 to 8,500 pounds, delivered for sale in Vermont. The table below is the 2018 Vermont vehicle production of large-volume and intermediate-volume manufacturers subject to the ZEV requirement. Manufacturers may exclude ZEV vehicles from their obligation basis.

Large Volume

  • BMW
  • Daimler AG (Mercedes)
  • Fiat Chrysler
  • Ford
  • General Motors
  • Honda
  • Hyundai
  • KIA
  • Nissan
  • Toyota
  • Volkswagen

Intermediate Volume

  • Jaguar Land Rover
  • Mazda
  • Mitsubishi
  • Subaru Corporation
  • Volvo
Large and Intermediate-Volume Manufacturer Vehicles Delivered for Sale in Vermont for 2018 Model Year
Manufacturer Passenger and LDT
BMW 349
Daimler AG (Mercedes) 144
Fiat Chrysler 4,159
Ford 5,508
General Motors 6,296
Honda 3,116
Hyundai 857
Jaguar Land Rover 0
KIA 912
Mazda 427
Mitsubishi 538
Nissan 1,958
Subaru Corporation 5,693
Toyota 8,277
Volkswagen 1,972
Volvo 285
TOTAL 40,491

LDT = light duty truck 0-8,500 lbs.

Manufacturer 2018 ZEV Credit Balances and Transfers

In complying with the ZEV Regulation, large and intermediate volume manufacturers supply vehicles in Vermont which generate credits based on vehicle type. Small volume manufacturers without a formal obligation to supply vehicles may also earn credits that may be banked or sold. The table below lists credit balances as of October 1, 2019 generated since the start of Vermont’s ZEV program in 2000, although requirements for placements began only in 2007. The credits are in units of grams per mile Non-Methane Organic Gases (g/mi NMOG) converted to ZEV Credits.  

Note: in various Model Years manufacturers may have earned credits in Vermont for placements in other States adopting the California Low Emission/Zero Emission Vehicle Regulations through a mechanism known as “Travel”, meant to foster technology development without placing undue burden upon manufacturers. Travel of FCVs continues while travel of BEVs was completed prior to the close of the Model Year 2017 per the ZEV regulation.

Model Year 2018 Manufacturer Cumulative ZEV Credits
MFR FCV BEV BEVx NEV+ discount aT pZEV & pzev TZEV
BMW
0.00
58.65
188.68
0.00
0.06
1,886.71
Daimler AG (Mercedes)
181.71
58.95
0.00
0.00
0.00
5,445.50
Fiat Chrysler
0.00
3,366.73
0.00
1,145.83
0.00
1,008.79
Ford
143.60
1,996.51
0.00
0.00
0.00
1,011.98
General Motors
0.00
3,549.78
0.00
0.00
0.00
4,012.57
Honda
1,943.26
1,112.51
0.00
0.00
0.00
3,313.29
Hyundai
26.29
10.01
0.00
0.00
0.00
642.97
Jaguar Land Rover
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
KIA
0.00
324.09
0.00
0.00
45.60
709.09
Mazda
0.00
22.98
0.00
0.00
55.27
0.00
Mitsubishi
0.00
5.34
0.00
0.00
7.38
24.00
Nissan
481.40
906.28
0.00
0.00
0.00
84.18
Subaru Corporation
0.00
8,421.561
0.00
0.00
1,126.55
0.00
Tesla
0.00
818.66
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
Toyota
273.84
3,647.78
0.00
0.00
483.55
1,705.67
Volkswagen
248.38
666.22
0.00
0.00
9.06
1,104.15
Volvo
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
14.44
24.31
TOTALS
3,298.48
24,966.05
188.68
1,145.83
1,741.91
20,973.21

[1] Traveled Credits, May 2018.

[2] Through Model Year 2014, ZEV credits were recorded as grams per mile of NMOG, reflecting greater value for earlier year placements, due to a larger multiplier from a numerically declining annual fleet average NMOG requirement.  Starting in 2015, to reflect program changes, values are converted to ZEV Credits.  These current totals can be converted back to g/mi NMOG by multiplying by .035.

Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Definitions

  • FCV = Fuel Cell Vehicle
  • BEV = Battery Electric Vehicle
  • BEVx = BEVs with a clean range-extending auxiliary power unit
  • NEV+ = Neighborhood Electric Vehicle, an improved low speed, limited range vehicle
  • Discount AT PZEV & PZEV =  Conversion of Advanced Technology Partial Zero Emission Vehicle (clean hybrids) and Partial Zero Emission Vehicle (clean gasoline) credits from prior year ZEV Program requirements per Title 13, California Code of Regulations Section 1962.1(g)(2)(f) 
  • TZEV = Transitional Zero Emission Vehicle, e.g., "plug-in hybrid"
  • NMOG = Non-Methane Organic Gases

Public Transfer Report of 2018 Vermont ZEV Credits

Transferor Table
Transferor Vehicle Type Total Credits
Fiat Chrysler BEV 490.00
  TOTAL 490.00
Transferee Table
Transferee Vehicle Type Total Credits
Honda BEV 490.00
  TOTAL 490.00