Source Water Permitting

All Public Water Supply Systems (PCWS, NTNC, TNC, Domestic Bottled/Bulk Water) are required to have a source water permit for any new source, hydrofracturing or deepening of an existing source, or any increase in withdrawal of an existing source.  Applicants for this permit must comply with the Water Supply Rule Chapter 21 and the requirements Groundwater Withdrawal Reporting and Permitting Rule-Chapter 24.

The Source Permit Program Map indicates which hydrogeologist is responsible for which county.

Please note that as of January 1, 2018 there is a change in the process for Source Permit applications following the enactment of Act 150 (10 V.S.A. Chapter 170). Under the new rule, applicants must notify adjoining property owners of their application prior to submitting the application to the department.  The Department has created an official notice which applicants are required to use to make this notification- this notice is available as a form or a post card template for your convenience.  The applicant must include a certification to the Department that they have sent notification to the adjoining property owners via US mail. For more information on what Act 150 means for applicants, please visit:

Permit Review Process Steps


The system-specific Source Water Permit application starts the review process for:

The Certification of Water Source Likely Affected by Agricultural Lands Form is to be completed and submitted by the source permit applicant for any new public water source if there are any agricultural lands in the area that may affect the proposed water source.


A Source Testing Review application also initiates the review and approval process for studies and testing to be conducted on source(s) to serve proposed or changes to existing public community water supplies. The Initial Source Water Quality Testing list indicates which water quality compounds are to be sampled during the source permitting process.

This application is required to qualify for a Groundwater Under the Direct Influence of Surface Water (GWUDI) exemption from performing a microscopic particulate analysis (MPA) test.

A Home Owner Letter is available for consultants when setting up a source pumping test program.

Well ID Sheets-For Use Following a Pump Test For:

Electronic Submittal Procedure for Source Protection Areas (SPAs)
This format is to be used for all submittals of new or changed SPAs, and is to be included along with the Source Evaluation Final Report.

For Multiple Water Sources – Each water source is to have a specific SPA associated with it. It is recognized that some SPAs may include areas that overlap with another source’s SPA- that is acceptable.


Construction Permit is required for any existing public water system making improvements, major repairs or expansion to their water system.   In addition, all proposed new water systems are also required to obtain this permit.   


The water system must apply for an Operating Permit prior to serving water to the public.