Asset Management Programs
Asset Management Programs use asset inventories, life-cycle cost analyses, risk assessments, and financial planning to set priorities and help meet level of service goals in a cost-effective manner. An effective program can help Vermont's public drinking water systems meet the challenges they face.
An Asset Management Program can help you:
- Increase knowledge about your assets;
- Respond to emergencies;
- Prolong asset life;
- Document the knowledge of staff about to retire;
- Operate more efficiently;
- Comply with new and more stringent regulatory requirements;
- Overcome resistance to rate increases;
- Manage, repair, and replace aging and inadequate infrastructure;
- Recruit and retain qualified staff;
- Improve customer service;
- Plan and pay for future repairs and replacements;
- Achieve financial viability; and
- Set priorities and justify system needs.
Components of an Asset Management Program:
- Level of Service Goals and Performance Measures
- What level of service do your customers and elected officials want?
- What do the regulations require?
- What are the physical capabilities of your system?
- How do you measure your performance?
- Asset Inventory and Condition Assessment
- What assets do you own?
- Where are they?
- What condition are they in?
- What is their remaining useful life?
- How much will it cost to replace them?
- Map of Assets
- How do system staff locate buried assets?
- How do system staff access the map(s)?
- How are the map(s) kept current?
- Life Cycle Cost Analysis
- How do you track expenditures on existing assets?
- Do you analyze life cycle costs to help create budgets; evaluate alternatives when purchasing new assets; and decide when it is best to maintain, repair, rehabilitate, or replace an asset?
- Risk Assessment to Identify Priority Assets
- What are the social, economic, and environmental consequences if an asset fails?
- What is the probability of failure?
- Which assets are the highest priorities based on the consequences and probabilities of failure?
- Risk and Life Cycle Cost Reduction Measures
- Have you reviewed and updated the utility’s policies and ordinances in the past three years?
- Do you conduct proactive operation and maintenance activities, or tend to be more reactive?
- Have you developed repair, rehabilitation, and replacement schedules based on a risk assessment?
- Funding Strategies
- Do you have a five-year budget that accounts for the full costs of providing services?
- Is your rate and fee structure adequate to cover costs, including emergency reserves and short-term asset replacement?
- How will you finance Capital Improvement Projects to address current and future needs?
Contact us if you would like assistance developing an Asset Management Program. We are available to meet with your system to present the basics of Asset Management (including evening meetings with your system's board). An Asset Management Program is also applicable to other municipal assets, such as wastewater and stormwater infrastructure.
The Drinking Water and Groundwater Protection Division (the Division) offered two workshop series in 2015 and 2016. Each workshop series consisted of one introductory webinar, four full-day workshops (one each month from September through December), and one follow-up webinar. The Division is planning on offering workshops again in 2017. Look for more information in the coming months or contact us.
Asset Management Planning Guidance and Grant Application:
To help systems develop an Asset Management Plan, the Capacity Development Program, in conjunction with the Drinking Water State Revolving Fund (DWSRF) Program, awarded 27 grants (approximately $510,000) to public community water systems (CWSs) in 2016 and 21 grants (approximately $400,000) in 2017. The maximum grant award was $20,000 per system, with a required 20% in-kind match. Systems received a grant to develop a plan, or portions of a plan, to build the framework for an Asset Management Program. The plans focused on the respective system’s greatest need or challenge. Systems that already had a formal Asset Management Plan used the opportunity to further their efforts; while systems without a formal program are seizing the opportunity to start one. The 2017 grants are still being administered, with all grant deliverables to be submitted by May 31, 2018.
Provided alongside the grant application, is an Asset Management guidance document: Asset Management Planning Guidance and Grant Application. The guidance document is a valuable resource and can be used independently of the grant.
All water systems can benefit from developing an Asset Management Plan but the plan is not an endpoint. To get all of the benefits from Asset Management, everyone from the system (elected officials, managers, operators, and administrative staff) must use Asset Management tools and practices on a daily basis.