Hydroelectric Power

Dam Spillway

There are approximately 85 hydroelectric generation facilities operating in Vermont and on waters bordering other states. Under state law, the Agency of Natural Resources is charged with ensuring that these projects are operated so that the state's rivers and lakes - which are public trust resources - continue to meet Vermont's water quality standards

Streamflow Protection

Protection of instream flow is a critical aspect of managing our waters in a sustainable manner. While the benefits of flow regulation – hydroelectric power, flood control, water for numerous purposes – are obvious, the impacts often are not. In Vermont, we have focused much attention on maintaining adequate minimum flows to protect aquatic habitat and stream ecology, but other aspects of flow protection are equally important.

Point Source Registration

Section 555c of Title 10, Chapter 23 and section 2822(j)(B) of Title 3, Chapter 51 require that any person operating or responsible for the operation of an air contaminant source emitting more than five tons of "criteria" air contaminants per year shall register the source annually and pay the designated fees.  The structure of the program is defined in more detail in the Vermont Air Pollution Control Regulations, Subchapter VIII.  A list of Hazardous Air Contaminants (

Permit Fees

The Air Permitting & Engineering Section of the Air Quality & Climate Division currently assesses permit application fees for issuance of Permits to Construct and Transfers of Permit Ownership.  No permit application fees are assessed for issuance of Permits to Operate unless modifications to the facility are proposed that require a Permit to Construct in which case the Permit to Construct fees then apply.  These fees are set forth in 3 V.S.A. 2822(j)(1)(A).

Environmental Notice Bulletin

This bulletin provides the public with information about permits and certifications that are under consideration by the Vermont Department of Environmental Conservation (DEC). It is updated weekly, and includes permit and certification applications from most DEC programs. A permit or certification application is included in the Bulletin each week while it is being processed, and for the appeal period following the final decision by DEC.

Permits, Certifications and Applications

Watershed Management Permits

Activities that affect lakes, ponds, rivers, streams, and wetlands may require one or more permits from the Agency of Natural Resources and other agencies. The Watershed Management Division administers several such permit programs, and works cooperatively with other permitting agencies. This page provides an overview.

To view permits recently issued by the Watershed Management Division and related notices, click here to view our public notices.


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