Electric vehicle and Hydrogen fuel cell vehicle signs

ZEV Credits

Manufacturer Volume Status

The Zero Emission Vehicle Regulation requires large-volume and intermediate-volume manufacturers selling vehicles in Vermont to provide a certain percent of zero emission vehicles (such as battery electric and fuel cell vehicles), clean plug-in hybrids, clean hybrids and clean gasoline vehicles with near-zero tail pipe emissions.  The manufacturers listed to the right include 2016 vehicle manufacturers subject to the ZEV requirements.

Manufacturer ZEV Requirement

A vehicle manufacturer’s ZEV requirement is based on a percentage of its passenger cars and light-duty trucks from 0 to 8,500 pounds, delivered for sale in Vermont. The table below is the 2016 Vermont vehicle production of large-volume and intermediate-volume manufacturers subject to the ZEV requirement. Manufacturers may exclude ZEV vehicles from their obligation basis.

Large Volume

  • Fiat Chrysler
  • Ford
  • General Motors
  • Honda
  • Nissan
  • Toyota

Intermediate Volume

  • BMW
  • Hyundai
  • Kia
  • Jaguar Land Rover
  • Mazda
  • Mercedes Benz (Daimler)
  • Subaru (Fuji)
  • Volkswagen
Large and Intermediate-Volume Manufacturer Vehicles Delivered for Sale in Vermont for 2016 Model Year
Manufacturer Passenger and LDT
BMW 422
Fiat Chrysler 3,892
Ford 5,124
Subaru (Fuji) 4,833
General Motors 7,392
Honda 3,663
Hyundai 739
Jaguar Land Rover 0
Kia 1,388
Mazda 788
Mercedes Benz (Daimler) 145
Nissan 1,156
Toyota 7,530
Volkswagen 1,296
TOTAL 38,368

LDT = light duty truck 0-8,500 lbs.

Manufacturer 2016 ZEV Credit Balances and Transfers

In complying with the ZEV Regulation, Large and Intermediate Volume manufacturers supply vehicles in Vermont which generate credits based on vehicle type. Small Volume manufacturers without a formal obligation to supply vehicles may also earn credits that may be banked or sold. The table below lists credit balances as of January 1, 2017 generated since the start of Vermont’s ZEV program in 2000, although requirements for placements began only in 2007. The credits are in units of grams per mile Non-Methane Organic Gases (g/mi NMOG) converted to ZEV Credits.  

Note: in various Model Years manufacturers may have earned credits in Vermont for placements in other States adopting the California Low Emission/Zero Emission Vehicle Regulations through a mechanism known as “Travel”, meant to foster technology development without placing undue burden upon manufacturers.

Model Year 2016 Manufacturer Cumulative ZEV Credits
MFR FCV BEV 1.5x/IIx NEV+ TZEV AT PZEV PZEV
BMW
0.00
1,901.39
31.93
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
Daimler AG
898.38
4,874.80
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
Fiat Chrysler
0.00
3,321.55
0.00
1,377.94
1,146.56
0.00
0.00
Ford
204.75
1,332.06
0.00
0.00
809.24
0.00
149.29
General Motors
0.00
909.40
0.00
24.45
4,361.31
0.00
0.00
Honda
1,926.50
588.08
0.00
0.00
3,335.17
59.21
18.95
Hyundai
761.79
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.18
0
Jaguar Land Rover
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
Kia
737.06
230.89
0.00
0.00
0.00
123.66
86.21
Mazda
0.00
30.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
284.85
Mitsubishi
0.00
2.84
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
29.54
Nissan
481.40
359.99
0.00
0.00
217.74
0.00
0.00
Subaru (Fuji)
0.00
130.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
69.05
4,828.60
Tesla
0.00
136.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
Toyota
411.45
482.02
0.00
96.74
1,072.68
2,363.63
0.00
Volkswagen
1,353.95
483.27
0.00
0.00
15.22
0.00
0.00
Volvo
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
14.96
0.00
44.26
TOTALS
6,775.28
14,782.29
31.93
1,499.13
10,972.88
2,615.73
5,441.70

[1] Through Model Year 2014, ZEV credits were recorded as grams per mile of NMOG, reflecting greater value for earlier year placements, due to a larger multiplier from a numerically declining annual fleet average NMOG requirement.  Starting in 2015, to reflect program changes, values are converted to ZEV Credits.  These current totals can be converted back to g/mi NMOG by multiplying by .035.

Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Definitions

  • FCV = Fuel Cell Vehicle
  • BEV = Battery Electric Vehicle
  • 1.5x/IIx = Range extended BEVs with All Electric Ranges of >75<100 miles, and >100 miles, respectively
  • NEV = Neighborhood Electric Vehicle, a low speed, limited range vehicle
  • NMOG = Non-Methane Organic Gases
  • TZEV = Transitional Zero Emission Vehicle, e.g., "plug-in hybrid"
  • AT PZEV = Advanced Technology Partial Zero Emission Vehicle, e.g., "hybrid"
  • PZEV = Partial Zero Emission Vehicle

Public Transfer Report of 2016 Vermont ZEV Credits

Transferor Table
Transferor Vehicle Type Total Credits
Honda PZEV 125.00
Tesla BEV 130.00
  TOTAL 255.00
Transferee Table
Transferee Vehicle Type Total Credits
Subaru (Fuji) BEV 130.00
General Motors PZEV 125.00
  TOTAL 255.00

ZEV Credit Archive